February 16, 2017
Polyester tie fabric is what we use to make our Narwhal's unique wallets. The reason is simple, it wears like steel! No matter the abuse you give it, it rarely wrinkles, takes all kinds of abuse through washing and wear and it still holds up. It's quick, cheap and easy. The "wonder" fabric invented in 1941 by British scientists John Whinfield and James Dickson opened up many new fields, including fashion wear. In 1946, DuPont purchased the rights to produce polyester and by the 1950's a factory in Delaware began to produce it.
The process may appear cumbersome, but like most synthetics, begins with oil. By breaking down the hydrocarbon's molecules in oil, the end result is two smalle molecules, one called ethylene gycol and the other dimethyl naphthalate. Both of these molecules are still make complete of oxygen carbon and hydrogen atoms. Despite these substances coming from the same mother product, oil, when their byproduct of both, one and ester and the other an alcohol, they form molecules with both a positive AND negative charge. This forces the molecules to line up in chains of crystals that will maintain long fiber strands.
The resulting polymerized material comes out of the machine in long ribbons, which can be cut into small pieces which are left to harden. Like many synthetics, the resulting pieces are then melted down and extruded into ribbons. From there, like the process of spinning cotton, these ribbons are heated up and pulled even thinner until fine threads are formed. Like cotton, these threads can be weaved into cloth and polyester is born.
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